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Indicators
Cuba dedicates annually, 1.7% of its Gross Domestic Product to scientific – technical activities, the highest index of the Latin American countries.

Scientific research dedicates about 0.9% of PIB; when in Latin America the average is 0.3. We count on 1.8 scientists and engineers per 100 inhabitants, higher than the rest of the 3rd world countries.

There are 222 entities completely aimed to the scientific – technical activities in Cuba, and they gather about 31 thousand workers; more than 120 of them are important research centers. The scientific poles gather more than 28 thousand researchers, teachers, engineers, technicians and other workers.

In the 2000, Cuban companies have directly participated in the execution or financing of more than 1600 technological innovation projects. Thousand of Cubans participate every year in the science and technical forums at different levels. The Young Technical Brigades gather more than 140 000 young people from different sectors, while about 500 000 innovators are ANIR affiliates.

XVII.1 - Effective staff in scientific and technological activities, according to the educational level

CONCEPTO 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Total (a) 69 778 73 470 78 497 78 987 79 030 74 068
Nivel superior 30 596 31 807 35 306 35 037 37 184 44 827
Nivel medio 17 205 18 147 20 408 20 756 21 036 19 096
Otros 21 977 23 516 22 783 23 194 20 810 10 145
Grados
científicos
otorgados (b)
6 287 6 642 6 965 7 527 7 971 8 494

(a) Incluye el personal científico técnico de los polos científicos.
(b) Se refiere al acumulado de los grados científicos otorgados.

XVII.2 - Effective staff in scientific and technological activities, according to occupational categories

CONCEPTO

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Total

69 778 73 470 78 497 78 987 79 030 74 068

Dirigentes

5 397 5 771 6 455 6 507 6 494 5 999

Técnicos

37 509 39 430 43 262 43 501 44 074 43 750

Administrativos

3 313 3 482 3 419 3 402 3 172 1 425

Obreros

13 924 14 125 14 076 14 307 14 184 12 195

De servicios

9 635 10 662 11 285 11 270 11 106 10 699

Del Total: Mujeres

36 251

37 705

40 016

40 380

40 490

39 404



XVII. 3 -Total expenditure in scientific and technological activities, per type of activities

Millones de pesos

CONCEPTO

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Total

330,4 316,9 364,6 381,3 388,1 434,7

Investigación
y desarrollo

179,1 189,6 209,1 230,1 234,2 260,9

Otras actividades
Científicas
y tecnológicas

151,3 127,3 155,5 151,2 153,9 173,8


XVII. 4 -Current expenditure in scientific and technological activities, per financing source

Millones de pesos
CONCEPTO 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Total

271,8 277,3 333,8 347,8 347,3 389,8
Presupuesto del Estado 163,6 168,4 227,8 240,0 248,0 280,6
Financiamiento empresarial 89,7 92,8 90,3 91,4 81,4 89,5
Otros financiamientos 18,5 16,1 15,7 16,4 17,9 19,7
< Sources >
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Fragmentos del artículo “Cuba y el desarrollo científico tecnológico en el siglo XX” del Doctor Daniel Codorniú Pujals.
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